THE SUBMARINE REVIEW started putting together a bibliography of better-known submarine-related books and articles with the January 1993 issue. Now, three years later, we have established beyond a doubt that the amount of published material is more than we can hope to address in any nearly complete manner. It is obvious also that the breadth and depth of interest in submarine matters, as measured both by the written works themselves and by those who have bought, read and collected them, is truly remarkable.
This will be the last scheduled segment of this regular feature and in it we present entries submitted by a number of members which have not been listed previously in this series. The general Bibliography was launched in three sections in the January, April, and July 1993 issues. In October ’93, a fiction list was offered and in January and April 1994 a listing was made of a number of submarine articles which bad appeared in the pages of the Naval Institute Proceeding. The articles were meant as accompaniment for reprinting the USNI 1966 Prize Essay “The Submarine’s Long Shadow”, but the sheer volume available was another testament to almost a century’s worth of submarine interest.
Special interest listings followed in October of 1994 with a tabulation of books and articles in foreign languages. In January of 1995 a World War II list was presented and in April Torpedo Technology was treated. October of ’95 carried a partial list of the Italian Navy’s Submarine School Library.
We all recognize that there are a great many more books out there that should be on our list, and we have only begun to tap the submarine-related articles which have appeared in the various public and professional periodicals. Thomas 0. Paine, in The Submarine Registry and Bibliography, cataloged over 6,000 books and articles up to 1992. We do intend to offer, from time to time, some selected bibliographies on special interest areas and the submarine literature from individual countries.
Adams, Thomas A. and David J. Lees, Register of Type VII UBoats. Kendal: World Ship Society, 1991. ISBN 0-905617- 60-6
Barnett, Correlli, Engage the Enemy More Closely. New York: W.W. Norton, 1991. LC 90-46009/ISBN 0-393-02918-2
Barrows, Nat A., Blow All Ballast: The Story of the SOUALUS. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1940. LC 40-27428
Bartholomew, C.A., Mud. Muscle and Miracles. Washington: GPO, 1990. LC 89-29806/ISBN 0-945274-03-3
Bergen, Claus and Karl Neureuther, U-Boat Stories. London: Constable & Co., 1931. LC 32-2479
Bush, Harald, U-Boats at War. New York: Ballantine Books, 1955. LC 55-12090
Daniel, Donald C., Anti-Submarine Warfare and Superpower Strategic Stability. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1986.
Ellsberg, Edward, On the Bottom. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1929. LC 29-11296
Frank, Gerold and James D. Horan, with J.M. Eckberg, U.S,S. SEAWOLF. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1945.
Garrett, Richard, Submarines. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1977. LC 77-89103
Gray, Edwyn, The Underwater War: Submarines 1914-1918. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1971. LC 76-178234/- ISBN 684-12697-4
Hashagen, Ernst, The Log of a U-Boat Commander. London: Putnam, 1931. LC 31-34793
Hill, J.R., Anti-Submarine Warfare. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2nd Edition, 1989.
Hirsch, Phil, Editor, Killer Subs. New York: Pyramid Books, 1965.
Howarth, Stephen, Editor, Men of War: Great Naval Captains of World War II. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993. LC 92- 43299/ISBN 0-312-08844-2
Hutcheon, Wallace S., Robert Fulton: Pioneer of Undersea Warfare. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1981. LC 80-81094
Jenkins, David, Battle Surface!: Japan’s Submarine War Against Australia 1942-44. Australia, Random House, 1992.
Jones, Geoffrey, The Month of the Lost U-Boats. London: Book Club Associates, 1977.
__________,Autumn of the U-Boats. London: W. Kimber, 1984. ISBN 0-7183-0534-5
__________,Defeat of the Wolf Packs. London: W. Kimber, 1986. ISBN 0-7183-0589-2
__________ , U-Boat Aces. London: W. Kimber, 1988. ISBN 0-7183-0685-6
Kemp, Paul, Convoy! Drama in Arctic Waters. London: Arms & Armour Press, 1993. ISBN 1-85409-130-1
Konig, Capt. Paul, Voyue of the Deutschland. Hearst’s In ternational Library, 1916.
Lockwood, Charles A., Down to the Sea in Subs. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1967. LC 66-12798
________ , Sink ’em All: Submarine Warfare in the Pacific. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1951. LC 51-9835
Lockwood, Charles A. and Hans C. Anderson, HeII at Fifty Fathoms. Philadelphia: Chilton Co., 1962. LC 62-8342
_________, Through Hell and Deep Water. Philadelphia: Chilton Co., 1956. LC 56-11388
__________, Wake of the WAHOO. New York: Popular Library, 1960. LC 60-8176
Lott, Arnold S., Robert F. Sumrall and Robert S. Egan, USS BOWFIN CSS 287). Annapolis: Leeward Publications, 1975. ISBN 0-915268-05-1
Mallison, William Thomas, Studies in the Law of Naval Warfare. Washington: GPO, 1968. LC 73-9322
Mayers, Colin, Submarines. Admirals and Navies. Los Angeles: Associated Publications, 1940.
Orita, Zenji with Joseph D. Harrington, I-Boat Captain. Canoga Park, CA: Major Books, 1976.
Ott, Wolfgang, Sharks and Little Fish. New York: Pantheon Books Inc., 1958. LC 57-10236
Polmar, Norman, Atomic Submarines. Princeton, NJ: D. Van Nostrand, 1963.
Poolman, Kenneth, Allied Submarines of World War Two. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1990. ISBN 0-85368-942-3
Price, Alfred, Aircraft Versus Submarine. London: William Kimber, 1973. ISBN 7183-0412-8
Preston, Anthony and John Batchelor, The First Submarines. London: Phoebus Publishing Co., 1974.
__________, Submarines Since 1919. London: Phoebus Publishing Co., 1974.
Rees, Ed, The Seas and the Subs. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1961. LC 61-11963
Rickover, H.G., Eminent Americans. Washington: GPO, 1972. LC 72-90503
Robertson, Terence, Night Raider of the Atlantic. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1956. LC 56-5013
Shapiro, Milton J., Undersea Raiders. New York: D. McKay, 1979. LC 79-2153
Showell, Jak P. Mailman, U-Boat Command and the Battle of the Atlantic. London: Conway Maritime Press, 1989. ISBN 0- 85177-487-3
Thomas, David A., Submarine Victory: The Story of British Submarines in World War II. London: William Kimber & Co., 1961. LC 63-26921
Terraine, John, Business in Great Waters. The U-Boat Wars 1916-1945. London: Leo Cooper, 1989. ISBN 0-85052-7600
Treadwell, Terry C., Submarines With Wings. London: Conway Maritime Press, Ltd., 1985. ISBN 0-85177-3699
Turner, John Frayne, Periscope Patrol: The Saga of the Malta Submarines. London: George G. Harrap & Co., 1957.
Weir, Gary, Forged in War: The Naval-Industrial Complex and American Submarine Construction. 1940-1961. Washington: Naval Historical Center, 1993. LC 92-40998/ISBN 0-16- 038258-0
Whinney, Bob, The U-Boat Peril. Dorset U.K.: Blandford Press, 1986. ISBN 0-7137-1821-8
Wilson, Michael, Baltic Assignment: British Submarines in Russia 1914-1919. London: Leo Cooper with Martin Secker & Warburg, 1985. ISBN 0-436-57801-8
Young, CDR Edward Preston, One of Our Submarines. London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1952. LC 53-1105
CORPORATE SPONSORS IN THE SPOTLIGHT
CAE Electronics Incorporated is a world leader in the development and supply of advanced software-based simulation, training and control systems. Building on its expertise in manufacturing state-of-the-art aviation training simulators for every major worldwide commercial carrier, as well as the U.S. Air Force’s B-2 bomber and F-117 Stealth fighter, and NASA’s Space Shuttle, CAE Electronics has most recently developed applications for advanced marine monitoring and control systems.
The Standard Monitoring and Control System (SMCS) prototype, a software system for tum-key operations of marine engineering systems, is now undergoing hot plant tests at the U.S. Navy’s Land Based Engineering Site in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This technologically advanced system is planned by the U.S. Navy for future generations of combatants such as the DDG 51 and LPD 17 platforms. This system represents an integrated, digital, distributed control and monitoring capability for all platform engineering which was delivered to the U.S. Navy under a separate contract in February 1995. Designed as integrated or stand-alone systems, both the SMCS and DCS (Damage Control System) programs offer vastly increased operating and information sharing functions over the most modem systems in the U.S. fleets today, plus the potential to reduce current manning requirements. Based on the success and revolutionary nature of these efforts for the U.S. Navy, the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) awarded an exclusive contract to CAE in August 1995 to design an advanced Damage Control System for complementing the Autonomic Ship conceptual studies and eventual new construction programs in the next century.
Internationally, CAE is likewise a recognized world leader in the supply of reliable and technologically advanced software programs. As an example, CAE is now playing a major role with GEC-Marconi in proposing a new design for the controls and instrumentation on the British Batch II Trafalgar class submarines to achieve potential construction cost savings. Integral in this effort is the utilization of CAE’s Real-time Object-oriented Software Environment (ROSE) tool, a system which allows the user to represent any hardware system by schematic representation with the input of its particular dynamic operating characteristics using components found in object libraries. In tum, these open architecture generated software models can then be tested and reworked on-the-fly, resulting in extensive man-hour savings over current methods of pre-manufacturing test and evaluation. In the case of the British Trafalgar class submarine these unique CAE capabilities are being employed ostensibly for potential construction cost savings, a reduction in installed cabling and potential platform manpower reductions.
Software Environment (ROSE) tool, a system which allows the user to represent any hardware system by schematic representation with the input of its particular dynamic operating characteristics using components found in object libraries. In tum, these open architecture generated software models can then be tested and reworked on-the-fly, resulting in extensive man-hour savings over current methods of pre-manufacturing test and evaluation. In the case of the British Trafalgar class submarine these unique CAE capabilities are being employed ostensibly for potential construction cost savings, a reduction in installed cabling and potential platform manpower reductions.
Precision Components Corporation
Member Since 5124193
D.C. Fabricators Inc. (DCF), formerly known as DeLaval Condenser, is an operating company of Precision Components Corporation, and is one of the original suppliers to the Navy’s nuclear fleet.
DCF has had a long history supplying heat exchanger componeats to the United States Navy and has routinely supplied main steam condensers and air ejectors for both surface ships and nuclear submarines.
Ever since 1966, every nuclear submarine condenser has been designed and fabricated by DCF. This includes the Los Angeles, Ohio and Seawolf classes. In fact, DCF’s early predecessor, C.H. Wheeler, provided the main condenser for the first nuclear SEAWOLF (SSN 575) in 1954.
Like many other defense industry contractors, DeLaval did not expect the rapid pace of downsizing in the purchase of military equipment. The termination of the Seawolf Program in 1992 caused an immediate reduction of the Florence, NJ work force. The company bad to adjust.
The first order of priority was to find other work to replace the lost Navy baclclog. Having once been a major player in the supply of main station and industrial condensers, DeLaval canvassed these markets for opportunities but their search was unsuccessful because those markets bad changed dramatically. Work was limited and very competitive. Years of serving the Navy nuclear customer base appeared to have created a dinosaur.
Crisis is often the mother-of-invention. During the period of downsizing, DeLaval maintained its core capabilities with a limited staff. This now can be considered the beginning of what would tum out to be a stroke of good fortune as Precision Components Corporation (PCC) was in a similar situation 125 miles away in York, PA.
Like DeLaval, it was caught off-guard with the Seawolf termination. It too was a major supplier of nuclear components for submarines. PCC’s product line was heavy-walled precision-machined vessel components. PCC’s business strategy was similar, and that was to diversify, while maintaining a strong commitment to the Navy Nuclear Program.
Through mutual associations and persistent follow-up, PCC became very interested in DeLaval’s design and fabrication capabilities. By February 1995, PCC had concluded a six month courtship by acquiring DeLaval, and changed its name to D.C. Fabricators.
DCF was awarded the design and prototype manufacture of components for the new attack submarine (NAS) program in the Spring of 1995. This contract covers two-and-a-half years of engineering design and fabrication of the main steam condensers and related equipment for the NAS.
DCF’s strategic business plan will carry the new young company, with a rich heritage, into the 21st century. DCF intends to build on its traditions, while broadening its customer base. Its business mission is:
“To be the dominate supplier of heat transfer equipment for the United States Navy, and to use the strengths of design, manufacturing and quality assurance to develop market presence in related industrial and commercial heat exchanger and support system applications that require similar custom designs and fabrication of quality components.” DCF’s predecessor (DeLaval) developed industry’s standard for Navy nuclear shipboard heat exchangers and condensers. This strength has been further enhanced by the recent investment in state-of-art engineering design software, computerized 3-D modeling and finite element stress analysis capability.
The 25 acres Florence, NJ manufacturing complex remains another basic strength. With extensive heavy material handling capabilities, up to 70 tons, DCF excels in exotic metal fabrications and precision machining and drilling application.
DCF is positioned to continue to serve the needs of the Navy Nuclear Program. With the cooperation of a pro-active union, strong worker involvement and commitment, a low cost-of-quality, and attention to engineering detail, DCF is committed to its primary customer.
By being a member of Precision Components Corporation, a family of highly-engineered niche products has been assembled. DCF will focus on exotic fabrications, PCC will focus on heavywall precision machining and IAF (Industrial Alloy Fabricators, Richmond, VA) will focus on thin-wall vessels and tanks. Together, these three companies will provide a synergistic force of engineering design talent, exotic metallurgical fabrication technology and high machine center utilization. The sharing of capabilities, with individual business unit accountability, is already producing results.
Today, the future is a much brighter place than it was in the Spring 1992. DCF is adapting to the changing needs of its customers, and the general business environment, and successes are beginning to come its way.
Emerson & Cuming, Inc.
Member Since 7118194
Emerson & Cuming Composite Materials, Inc., Canton, Massachusetts, is the leading developer and manufacturer of high performance deepwater buoyancy used in manned and unmanned submersibles, oceanographic research and offshore oil/gas exploration and production.
The company pioneered the development of syntactic buoyancy and over the past 35 years has supplied more than 80 percent of installed deepsea buoyancy worldwide.
Emerson & Cuming Eccofloat buoyancy is based on unique, proprietary mixtures of epoxy resins, microscopic hollow glass Microballoon microspheres, and pea-sized hollow fiberglass Macro balloon macro spheres.
This material is noted for its exceptional isostatic strength, extremely low densities and long life with negligible buoyancy loss. In addition to buoyancy, Eccofloat also imparts acoustic, thermal, electrical and structural properties.
Emerson & Cuming supplied the external buoyant package for the U.S. Navy’s TURTLE search and recovery vehicle when it was re-built, and has recently been involved in refurbishing TURTLE. The company is also the buoyancy vendor for SEACLIFF, NAUTILE, ALVIN and both DSRVs.
The firm is currently manufacturing the vehicles for the AN/SLQ 48 Mine Neutralization System (MNS), operational aboard all U.S. Navy MCM Avenger class and MHC Osprey class mine-hunting ships.
Recently, the U.S. Navy explored ways to decrease weight in the free-flood areas of 6881 submarines. As a result, custom-fitted buoyancy modules of syntactic material are being installed. Subsequently, Emerson & Cuming contracted to fill the internal spaces in submarine dihedrals, control surfaces and other areas.
The firm has also supplied deepwater cylindrical buoys for the U.S. Navy’s submarine performance test range, Atlantic Underwater Test and Engineering Center (AUTEC), off the Bahamas.
In recent years, Emerson & Cuming’s technical sophistication has grown on a steep slope. The company has lowered syntactic densities, installed all new equipment, and acquired a fully instrumented hydrostatic testing capability. It can combine syntactics with high performance thick-section fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites, can provide hardware design and attachment, and can integrate instrumentation in order to deliver packages ready for final assembly or immediate deployment as needed.